General Session: Pediatric Spine
Presented by: P. Sudarshan - View Audio/Video Presentation (Members Only)
P. Sudarshan(1), P. Aditya Prasad(1), P. Aghilavendan(1), V. Vamsi Krishna(1), K. Sajan Hegde(1)
(1) Apollo Hospital, Orthopedics, Chennai, India
Objectives: A morphometric analysis of convex and concave pedicles in scoliotic spines depends on the three-dimensional reconstructions of the spine. As the standard of care relies on two-dimensional X-rays, there have been few reports on this topic and an underestimation of the morphological irregularities. We present our data of AIS patients who underwent HRCT as part of the preoperative planning for robotic-guided corrective surgery.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients indicated for corrective surgery at our center. All patients underwent a CT scan with 1-mm slice thickness as part of their preoperative planning. The morphometric parameters documented were: transverse pedicle width, pedicle angle and maximum chord length in both convex and concave sides of the curve and were analyzed in the software (Renaissance) used for robotic guidance.
Results: We reviewed charts of 23 patients with an average age of 14.9 years. Average Cobb angles of the major curve measured 48.4° (Range 27.7° to 82.8°). There were 7 type 5 Lenke curves, 6 type 3 and type 1, and 4 cases of type 6. On the concave side 247 pedicles were measured, of which 104 (42%) were hypoplastic (i.e., transverse pedicle width < 4 mm). Of the 249 convex pedicles measured, 74 (30%) were hypoplastic (p< 0.005). Mean concave pedicle angle was 15.6±3.8° and maximum chord length was 40.9±7.1 mm, while the convex pedicle angle was 16.1±3.9° (p=0.22) and maximum chord length was 40.8±6.4 mm (p=0.82).
Conclusions: Knowledge of patient-specific anatomical variances is critical when instrumenting scoliotic vertebrae. Based on our findings, despite the patient's added exposure to radiation, we advocate the use of CT-based preoperative planning to maximize safety of the instrumentation.
Keywords: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, pedicle morphometric analysis, robotic deformity correction.
Summary: A retrospective analysis of our data of 23 AIS patients who underwent HRCT as part of the preoperative planning for robotic-guided corrective surgery. Transverse pedicle width, pedicle angle and maximum chord length in both convex and concave sides of the curve were analyzed in the software (Renaissance) used for robotic guidance. We emphasize the importance of Surgeon familiarity with patient specific anatomic variances in instrumentation of scoliotic vertebrae.