Artificial disc replacement surgery is a spinal fusion alternative that aims to replace a painful disc that is causing back pain or neck pain. Artificial disc replacement surgery involves removing the painful, natural disc and inserting an artificial disc that can preserve some of the motion of that spinal element. Closely related, nucleoplasty surgery replaces only the center of the disc (nucleus) while leaving the disc’s outer portion (annulus) intact.

In this ISASS Guide for Patients:

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