Physical therapy is a non-surgical treatment option for spine conditions that have impaired or immobilized movement and flexibility, and involves guidance from a physical therapist who teaches patients how to use their own muscles to improve flexibility, range of motion, muscular strength and endurance. Physical therapy can include the use of modalities like hot packs, TENS units and ultrasound (described as passive physical therapy), incorporate different stretching, strengthening and aerobic conditioning exercises (active physical therapy), or utilize the practitioner’s hands to put pressure on and manipulate the joints and muscles (manual physical therapy).

In this ISASS Guide for Patients:

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The information provided herein should not be used as a substitute for medical advice in any way.  A licensed medical professional should be consulted for any and all medical conditions and symptoms.